Tagged: vlv

Using an OpenLDAP Proxy to Work Around Solaris/Active Directory Issues

There is a long-standing bug in (Open)Solaris and derivatives (including NexentaStor) that breaks Active Directory interoperability:

Beginning with Windows Server 2003, Active Directory supports VLV searches. Every VLV search request must be accompanied by 2 request controls: the SSS control and the VLV control. However, Active Directory imposes some general criteria on the SSS control:

1. Cannot sort based on more than one sort keys/attributes.
2. Cannot sort based on the “distinguishedName” attribute (presumably Microsoft does not use the “DN” attribute).
3. Cannot sort based on a constructed attribute (presumably an attribute not stored on Active Directory).

Unfortunately, Solaris LDAP clients use 2 sort keys/attributes: “cn” and “uid” in the SSS control. Subsequently, when dumping a container or a naming database, Solaris LDAP clients would receive LDAP_UNAVAILABLE_CRITICAL_EXTENSION.

$ ldaplist passwd
ldaplist: Object not found (LDAP ERROR (12): Unavailable critical extension.)

This issue has been detailed elsewhere, including at utexas.edu. There appear to be at least four solutions:

  1. Wait for the fix from Sun Oracle to reach the light of day: this bug was apparently fixed in SNV 144. (I expect the fix is out in Solaris 11 Express now, but have not tested this myself.)
  2. Apply the hotfix in Microsoft’s KB886683 to your domain controllers, which will disable VLV.
  3. Run separate ADAM instances with VLV disabled, and point your Solaris machines at them instead of directly at your domain controllers. From the blog post linked above, it sounds like the University of Texas chose this route.
  4. Use OpenLDAP as a proxy in front of Active Directory; configure your Solaris machines to use the proxies instead of Active Directory servers. This is the solution detailed in this blog post.

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